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Russia and the Soviet Union (from Part 1: National and Regional Dimensions)
публикация №1190293520

20 сентября 2007 Научная цифровая библиотека ПОРТАЛУС - Language and religion

Аннотация от автора: Russian and Soviet arms control and disarmament policies have been guided by several unique and enduring themes. Though often not stated explicitly, these themes have consistently had an impact on disarmament policy formulation, and its goals and expectations, throughout the history of the region...

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Religions Of Russia
публикация №1188910279

04 сентября 2007 Научная цифровая библиотека ПОРТАЛУС - Language and religion

Аннотация от автора: The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) dates back to the "Kievan Rus" period (the first organized Russian state). In 988, Prince Vladimir, in order to gain an alliance with the powerful Byzantine Empire, declared Christianity as the religion of his realm and mandated the baptism of Kiev's population and the construction of cathedrals. During the Mongol occupation (1240-1480), the head of the ROC (Metropolitan) was moved to Moscow. Throughout the reign of the tsars, Orthodoxy was synonymous with autocracy and national identity. After the Communist revolution of 1917, the Soviet government, based on Marxism, imposed a dogma of militant atheism and subordinated the ROC through fear and persecution. Other Christians, Muslims, and Jews were also oppressed (anti-Semitism was widespread before and after the 1917 revolution). Since 1985 and the subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union, thousands of churches have been reopened; freedom of religion was incorporated into the draft constitution of 1993...

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Languages In Russia
публикация №1188910182

04 сентября 2007 Научная цифровая библиотека ПОРТАЛУС - Language and religion

Аннотация от автора: About 90% of the population speaks Russian, a member of the eastern group of Slavic languages. It is highly inflected, with nouns, pronouns, and adjectives declined in six cases. There are three grammatical genders. The language, which has been written since about ad 1000, uses the Cyrillic alphabet of 33 letters. In addition, a wide variety of other Slavic, Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongol, Tungus, and Paleo-Asiatic languages also are spoken. In the republic of Dagestan alone, two million people share 28 languages, 14 of which are unwritten...

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