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RUSSIA (TOPICS) есть новые публикации за сегодня \\ 19.11.18



Collapse of the Soviet Union
публикация №1188915416

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Soviet Russia (1985-91)

Аннотация от автора: The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and its reconfiguration as a congeries of middle-sized regional powers generated as much anxiety as gratification among diplomats, soldiers, politicians, and intellectuals in the rest of the world. In forty years the Cold War had become familiar enough to seem the natural order of things. Even the threat of thermonuclear conflict was increasingly an abstraction. Particularly in hindsight, the bipolarity that developed after 1947 seemed accompanied by clarity, at least on major issues. Now every state faced a prospect of autonomy that tended to be more frightening than reassuring...

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German Occupation of Eastern Europe during World War I
публикация №1188915359

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: As the Eastern Front stabilized after the great battles of 1915, grandiose projects of exploitation increasingly appeared in memoranda at the highest levels of the government and the army. A Central European customs union, new thrones in the Baltic states and Poland, German colonization of lands vacated by wartime migrations--all seemed possible. German general Erich Ludendorff suggested annexations of land ranging as far east as the Caspian Sea. The discourse reflected a developed consciousness of the East as a source of both current German power and endless possibilities for the future...

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Disputed Drilling Rights in the Caspian Sea
публикация №1188915293

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Foreign relations

Аннотация от автора: The Caspian Sea seabed contains many unexplored and undeveloped oil and gas reserves. These reserves are potentially worth billions of dollars to the nations and companies that develop them. Although some development is underway, legal wrangling by the five Caspian Sea border nations over who owns the reserves has held up production and led to intense negotiations over the sea's future.

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Austria-Hungary in 1914
публикация №1188915232

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Long described in the historiography of the Great War as a German cat's-paw, Austria-Hungary is being restored to the status of an independent actor in the diplomacy that led up to the outbreak of hostilities. Since the Bosnian Crisis (1908), the Dual Monarchy's viability was being increasingly questioned. Austria was under increasing economic pressure in the Near East even from its ostensible ally, Germany. British publicists and French diplomats pictured brave futures for the Slavs of southeastern Europe once the Habsburg Empire should disappear. The increasingly strident claims of Austria that its great-power status was being ignored went overlooked--with few questions as to what might happen should Austria not accept its assigned fate and merely fade away...

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Alexander Kerensky and World War I
публикация №1188915183

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: The first Russian Revolution (March 1917) grew out of a complex synergy of factors, all traceable to a common source: comprehensive war-weariness. The Provisional Government that replaced the Tsarist Empire had no general mandate. It consisted of an uneasy coalition of politicians and bureaucrats from the more-conservative parties and the more-liberal element of the former administration. It began by breaking sharply with its predecessor on many fronts. The new government proclaimed freedom of speech, press, and assembly. It abolished restrictions based on class, nationality, and religion. It declared its intention to call for a freely elected national assembly. It shared de facto power with the radical Petrograd Soviet, and the two bodies worked together in the early days of the revolution despite mutual suspicion...

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Vladimir, I, Saint/Grand Prince of Kiev (c. 950-1015)
публикация №1188915143

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Ancient Russia

Аннотация от автора: Grand prince of Kiev and first Christian ruler in Russia, whose reign consolidated the Eastern Slavs and Finnish-Baltic tribes into a single Russian state...

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Peter the Great Issues Reforms, 1689-1725
публикация №1188915059

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Westernization of Russia...

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Alexander Nevsky (c. 1220-1263)
публикация №1188914997

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Ancient Russia

Аннотация от автора: Prince of Novgorod and grand duke of Vladimir, whose policy of collaboration with the Mongols resulted in the unification of Russia and forever altered its history...

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Emancipation of the Serfs (Russia), March 3, 1861 [historical document]
публикация №1188914914

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Realization by the Tsar that some social change was inevitable...

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Anton Denikin (1872-1947) [Russian general]
публикация №1188914857

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Leader of the White Volunteer Army which in 1919, during the Russian Civil War, nearly succeeded in defeating the "Red" Bolshevik forces...

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