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Kalmyks
публикация №1189694337

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский DEMOGRAPHICS

Аннотация от автора: The Kalmyks are the Western Mongols, also known as the "Oirats," who in the beginning of the seventeenth century undertook migration west, eventually to roam the steppes of the Volga, Don, and Kuban rivers. Today the Kalmyks reside in the Republic of Kalmykia, located in southeast European Russia bordering on the Caspian Sea. It is one of the twenty autonomous republics within the Russian Republic. Traditionally the Kalmyk (also transcribed Qalmïq) people identified themselves by the name of one of the tribes they belonged to: Torgut, Khoshut, and Derbet. It is commonly believed that the term "khal'mg" is derived from the Turkic kalmak (to leave behind, to remain) and was used by the Turkic peoples as early as the fourteenth century to designate the Western Mongols. In fact, there is no historic or linguistic evidence to substantiate this conclusion. The term "khal'mg" did not become a self-designation until the early nineteenth century...

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Dolgan
публикация №1189694276

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский DEMOGRAPHICS

Аннотация от автора: The Dolgan inhabit the Taimyr Peninsula and the left bank of the lower Yenisei River, across from the town of Dudinka. This territory forms part of the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous District (okrug), the TAO, which is part of the Krasnoyarsk region of the Russian Federation (RF). The Dolgan do not enjoy national autonomy. In the majority of settlements they reside and conduct their economy in common with the Nganasan, Evenki, Nenets, and other nationalities, as well as with migrants. At the present time most of the Dolgan are concentrated in the settlements along the courses of the Dudypta, Kheta, and Khatanga rivers and along the shores of Khatanga Bay. Some also live in the settlements of Levinskie Peski and Khantaiskoe Ozero in the western part of the TAO. A number of families reside in the district capital of Dudinka and in the large townlike settlement of Khatanga...

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Chechen-Ingush
публикация №1189694191

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский DEMOGRAPHICS

Аннотация от автора: The Chechens and Ingush are the most numerous northern Caucasian group and territorially one of the largest. In view of their numbers, the strategic location of their territory, and the strong leading role of the Chechens in the resistance to the Russian conquest of the Caucasus, they figure with particular prominence in Russian artistic literature depicting the northern Caucasus. Although Chechen and Ingush are distinct languages and are not mutually intelligible, in areas of population overlap communication is achieved through passive bilingualism. Learning to communicate smoothly in an unfamiliar dialect area may require several days' time. There are Chechen communities in Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, formed when many Chechens and Ingush emigrated to Muslim countries after the Caucasus Wars in the mid-nineteenth century. These émigré communities retain the language (basically Chechen dialects, although some of the émigrés are of Ingush descent) and much of the culture. The language is especially well retained in Jordan, where children still learn it as their first language...

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Bashkirs
публикация №1189694144

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский DEMOGRAPHICS

Аннотация от автора: The Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (BASSR) was one of the sixteen autonomous republics and other autonomous areas that comprised the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Today Bashkirstan is one of the eighteen republics that form Russia. About two-thirds of the almost 1 million who call themselves Bashkirs live in the national republic. The rest live mostly in neighboring areas. Another 90,000 live in the Central Asian republics...

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Aghuls
публикация №1189694078

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский DEMOGRAPHICS

Аннотация от автора: The Aghuls are one of the indigenous peoples of Daghestan, culturally and linguistically akin to the Lezgins and Tabasarans. Traditionally the Aghuls identified themselves only by their village name (Khutkhul, Khorej, etc.)...

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San Stefano, Treaty of
публикация №1189693989

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Signed on March 3, 1878, this treaty concluded one of the major wars fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (1877-1878)...

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Alexander Nevsky, c. 1220-1263
публикация №1189693919

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский FAMOUS RUSSIANS

Аннотация от автора: Russian grand duke and prince...

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Anton Denikin, 1872-1947
публикация №1189693855

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский FAMOUS RUSSIANS

Аннотация от автора: Russian general...

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Russia Invades East Prussia, August, 1914 [historical document]
публикация №1189693800

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Russia's entrance into World War I...

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Peter the Great Issues Reforms, 1689-1725 [historical document]
публикация №1189693689

13 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Westernization of Russia...

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