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RUSSIA (TOPICS) есть новые публикации за сегодня \\ 17.12.17



Alexander Kerensky and World War I
публикация №1188915183

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: The first Russian Revolution (March 1917) grew out of a complex synergy of factors, all traceable to a common source: comprehensive war-weariness. The Provisional Government that replaced the Tsarist Empire had no general mandate. It consisted of an uneasy coalition of politicians and bureaucrats from the more-conservative parties and the more-liberal element of the former administration. It began by breaking sharply with its predecessor on many fronts. The new government proclaimed freedom of speech, press, and assembly. It abolished restrictions based on class, nationality, and religion. It declared its intention to call for a freely elected national assembly. It shared de facto power with the radical Petrograd Soviet, and the two bodies worked together in the early days of the revolution despite mutual suspicion...

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Vladimir, I, Saint/Grand Prince of Kiev (c. 950-1015)
публикация №1188915143

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Ancient Russia

Аннотация от автора: Grand prince of Kiev and first Christian ruler in Russia, whose reign consolidated the Eastern Slavs and Finnish-Baltic tribes into a single Russian state...

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Peter the Great Issues Reforms, 1689-1725
публикация №1188915059

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Westernization of Russia...

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Alexander Nevsky (c. 1220-1263)
публикация №1188914997

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Ancient Russia

Аннотация от автора: Prince of Novgorod and grand duke of Vladimir, whose policy of collaboration with the Mongols resulted in the unification of Russia and forever altered its history...

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Emancipation of the Serfs (Russia), March 3, 1861 [historical document]
публикация №1188914914

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Realization by the Tsar that some social change was inevitable...

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Anton Denikin (1872-1947) [Russian general]
публикация №1188914857

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Leader of the White Volunteer Army which in 1919, during the Russian Civil War, nearly succeeded in defeating the "Red" Bolshevik forces...

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Soviet Union as an Ally, 1919-1940
публикация №1188914774

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Soviet Russia (1917-53)

Аннотация от автора: Although they had defeated Germany in World War I (1914-1918), the nations of Western Europe, particularly Britain and France, feared its potential resurgence and looked for a collective means of resisting it in the 1920s and 1930s. Over the course of these two decades this endeavor included bilateral security alliances with Eastern European nations, faith in international organizations such as the League of Nations to keep the peace, multinational antiwar agreements, lobbying for a formal security commitment from the United States, and the official appeasement of German demands to revise the World War I peace settlement. Yet, all these efforts failed. Germany was not deterred from its aggressive course, and its invasion of Poland in September 1939 drew Britain and France into conflict for the second time in twenty-one years...

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French and Russian Revolutions
публикация №1188914719

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Soviet Russia (1917-53)

Аннотация от автора: When revolution erupted in Russia in 1917, many of its leaders self- consciously identified their situation with the turbulent era of the French Revolution (1789). Events, trends, individuals, groups, and ideologies either took on or were assigned identities that mirrored previous occurrences in revolutionary France. Bolshevik war commissar Lev Trotsky was compared to French revolutionary general and later emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. Trotsky's great rival, Josef Stalin, who was accused of reversing revolutionary ambitions as he rose to power, was said to have ushered in a "Thermidorian Reaction," an allusion to the restrained period that followed the most radical phase of the French Revolution...

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British Entry Into World War I
публикация №1188914672

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: As the nations of Europe moved toward war in the summer of 1914, one of the burning questions was whether Britain would enter the fray. Despite its growing closeness to France and Russia in the decade before the war, Britain had avoided firm alliance commitments to both powers. Although its relations with Germany had become strained, a series of diplomatic visits and talks suggested that these tensions might be ameliorated. Observers could only speculate what the British might do...

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The Whites in the Russian Civil War
публикация №1188914618

04 сентября 2007 Александр Павлович Шиманский - Soviet Russia (1917-53)

Аннотация от автора: The Bolshevik coup of October 1917 produced determined opponents. The rise of a radical socialist regime confronted the elites of the old order, challenging their role in government and society, as well as their existence. Within only a few weeks, organized armed opposition began to take form, plunging Russia into a civil war that the Bolsheviks eventually won...

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