Поиск
Рейтинг
Порталус
база публикаций

RUSSIA (TOPICS) есть новые публикации за сегодня \\ 01.12.20



New Law Legalizes the Purchase and Sale of Urban Land--A First in Russian History, October 26, 2001
публикация №1188907038

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус ECONOMY

Аннотация от автора: Reversing generations of Russian and Soviet history, Russian President Vladimir Putin in October 2001 signed legislation legalizing the purchase and sale of land in urban and industrial areas. This accounted for only about 2 percent of Russia's vast land mass, yet the Land Code--which gave foreigners virtually the same rights of ownership as Russians--was epochal nonetheless. Creating a market for land, and a new source of value, could only be good for Russia's faltering economy, but the significance of the new law (just one of several sweeping reforms put through parliament by the president) extended far beyond economics. At a time when unrest in Russia raised occasional fears of a Communist return to power, the Land Code signified a sharp break with the Marxist - and czarist - past...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Revolutionary Russia and the Balkans
публикация №1188906900

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус - Soviet Russia (1917-53)

Аннотация от автора: Russia's protective role of the Balkans has been a long-lasting cliché of European politics. Bound to their larger neighbor by Orthodox Christianity, Slavic roots, and a common heritage of opposition to the Muslim Turks, the Balkan peoples, many have argued, found earnest and reliable protectors in their Russian neighbors. Russia faithfully supported their revolts against the Ottoman Empire, crafted diplomacy to safeguard their interests, and intervened directly to help them achieve independence from Muslim rule. Russia in this view was noble, helpful, and beneficent...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Post-Cold War Espionage Between the United States and Russia: How Has the Mission Changed?
публикация №1188906831

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус POLITICS

Аннотация от автора: The ideological conflict between capitalism and communism sparked the Cold War, fought by the two countries that emerged most powerful from World War II--the United States and the Soviet Union. Espionage between the two superpowers was a major component of the Cold War. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 and the Cold War ended, the nature of espionage between the United States and Russia changed dramatically...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Russia as Part of the West
публикация №1188906701

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус POLITICS

Аннотация от автора: British statesman Winston Churchill once famously referred to Russia as a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma." The consternation expressed in his statement at least partly derived from the question of Russia's identity as a nation. For many observers, Russia is undeniably part of the West. A Christian nation since the conversion of its people in 988, Russia has been intimately tied to Europe by culture, trade, and diplomacy, as well as by faith. The basis for its laws and social organization, from the tsars through the communists to its current leaders, has shared many commonalities with the West. The development of its art, science, and philosophy had pronounced Western influences and went a long way toward influencing the West itself...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Chechnya and Russia: A War of Succession
публикация №1188906480

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус - Post-Soviet Russia

Аннотация от автора: In February 2000, Russian military forces retook the city of Grozny, capital of the breakaway republic of Chechnya. Chechen separatists, who had declared Chechnya's independence in 1991 from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as it was dissolving, fled once again into the surrounding Caucasus Mountains. Anxious to restore a sense of normality to the besieged capital, Russian officials quickly began to plan a government to replace the one established by Aslan Maskhadov who had been elected to the Chechen presidency in 1997 and who had also fled the capital. The recapture of Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, was a significant victory for Russia whose army had crossed into Chechnya in October 1999 and restarted a war that the outside world had hoped was ended three years earlier...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Russia Agrees to Take the World's Nuclear Waste: But Where to Put it?
публикация №1188906364

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус ARMED FORCES

Аннотация от автора: With already serious nuclear waste problems and a very poor track record in nuclear safety, Russia has approved plans to import more spent nuclear waste from elsewhere in the world for reprocessing. Russia claims that it will use the profits to clean up its considerable nuclear waste problem, but there is worldwide skepticism about its ability to do so and fear of the consequences for the planet if its efforts are unsuccessful...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Alexander, I, Tsar of Russia (1777-1825)
публикация №1188906148

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Russian Tsar who defeated Napoleon and attempted to bring constitutional reforms to his country...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Collapse of Tsarist Russia
публикация №1188906049

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: By early 1917 the military defeats and social strains of World War I had created a political crisis in Imperial Russia. Over several unseasonably warm days in February and March of that year, angry crowds gathered in the capital of Petrograd (formerly and once again St. Petersburg), and the capital garrison refused to suppress the disturbances. Isolated at military headquarters near the front, Tsar Nicholas II did not realize the gravity of the situation until too late. He waited too long to return to the seat of his government and was forced to abdicate in Pskov, where his train was diverted...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Imperial Russia's Diplomatic Goals in World War I
публикация №1188905942

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус - Imperial Russia

Аннотация от автора: Like all the combatant powers at the onset of World War I, Russia expected to prevail in the conflict and developed comprehensive and far-reaching war aims. Many of these goals were long-standing. Since the eighteenth century, Russia had been trying to seize the Turkish Straits, its only access to the Mediterranean Sea and rich southern trade routes. Russian interests in Central Europe had moved from defending its western borders in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to expanding into Polish territory in the eighteenth and attempting to create a hegemony over the Balkans in the nineteenth...

Открыть полную версию публикации



Free to Speak? Establishing a Free Press in Russia
публикация №1188905750

04 сентября 2007 Научная библиотека Порталус POLITICS

Аннотация от автора: the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Russian media began to actively report on the government and to question its actions. When President Vladimir Putin succeeded Boris Yeltsin into office, he implemented restrictions on the media that greatly reduced their freedoms. Putin also began to reinstate government controls over the media and to prosecute media companies and owners who did not comply...

Открыть полную версию публикации

Предыдущая
Следующая


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 21 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Публикации, отправленные в архив рубрики

Загрузка...

О Порталусе Рейтинг Каталог Авторам Реклама